By contributing or donating genealogy materials to our library, we can digitalize the records and permanently preserve them. You will also be making an important contribution to theresearch of traditional Korean culture. We appreciate any and all support.
The Definition of Genealogy   l   The Origin of Genealogy   Types of Genealogy
The Present State of Genealogy Research   l   Genealogy Terms  l   Reading a Genealogy

1) Bijo (ެ, , Founding Father)
The bijo is the highest person found in ones genealogy.

2) Shijo (, , Progenitor)
The shijo is the progenitor of a clan or family.

3) Jungshijo (, ߽, Middle Progenitor)
The jungshijo is an ancestor responsible for reestablishing a fallen family and the decision of who the Jungshijo is, is agreed upon by all the families of that clan.

4) Se and Dae ( and , , Generations of Descendents or Ancestors)
A generation after oneself (ones son, for example) is called 1 se (), while a generation before oneself (ones father, for example) is called 1 dae (). A grandfather would be 2 dae (), while a grandson would be se ().

5) Ja and Ho ( and , ȣ, Names Given to a Man)
Nowadays, Koreans goes by one name, but historically a person would be given several names throughout his life. When born, a man is given his baby name, and when he became an adult, he would be given an adult name ja (, ). The ho (, ȣ) was a sort of nickname used to be addressed candidly by lower people in society.

6) Ham and Hui ( and , , Names to Address a Man)
When addressing a living person honorifically, it is called a hamja (, ), or in some cases jonham (, ). Huija (, ) is a name used to address a deceased person
honorifically. It is Korean etiquette to say ja (, ) after each syllable in a persons name.

7) Hangnyeol (֪, ׷, Degrees of kinship)
Hangnyeol (֪, ׷) is used by a clan to clearly distinguish what generation an individual is within that family. The Hangnyeolja (֪, ׷) also called dollimja. A dollimja is used by members of a generation and is the same character for that generation, but different for the next. The position of the dollimja rotates each generation.

Hangnyeol is applied differently depending on the clan or family, but here are patterns that families will use to choose a common syllable:

Shipgan (, ʰ, The Ten Heavenly Stems)
    In order : gap (ˣ, ), eul (, ), byeong (ܰ, ), jeong (, ), mu (, ), gi (, ),         gyeong (, ), shin (, ), im (, ), gye (ͤ, )

Shibiji (, , The Twelve Earthly Branches)
    In order : ja (, ), chuk (, ), in (, ), myo (, ), jin (, ), sa (, ), o (, ),
    mi (ڱ, ), shin (, ), yu (, ), sul (, ), hae (, )

Ohaeng Sangsaengbeop (, , The Five Elements)
    In order : geum (, ), su (, ), mok (, ), hwa (, ȭ), to (, )


Copyright Paik Inje Memorial Library All Rights Reserved